Scania has begun testing its self-driving truck out on the road, loaded up with goods for Scania’s production operations.
The truck manufacturer was granted permission by the Swedish Transport Agency to test its self-driving trucks on the E4 motorway between Södertälje and Jönköping in Sweden.
Testing will take place in collaboration with TuSimple, which works in the development of autonomous vehicles and is a key partner in Scania’s and TRATON group’s investment in this field.
The trucks will enter commercial service with the Scania Transport Laboratory.
On-road tests will cover technology according to level 4 on the 5-point SAE scale for self-driving vehicles, which means that the trucks are driven autonomously but for safety reasons are supervised by a driver.
A test engineer will also be on board during Scania’s tests with the task of monitoring and verifying the information which is transmitted to the truck from the sensors that enable autonomous driving.
“In both the US and China, tests are already underway of trucks according to Level 4 on public roads, but as far as I know Scania is the first in Europe to test the technology on a motorway and with payload,” said Hans Nordin, from the Hub2hub project.
Later this year, Scania plans to expand the tests to cover the entire route between Södertälje and Helsingborg.
“In the coming years, we also expect to be able to test the technology in other European countries and in China,” added Nordin.
Scania has been testing self-driving trucks for mining transportation in Australia since 2017.
“The experience gained from these tests shows that autonomous vehicles can become a reality in just a few years for transportation in closed areas such as mines and terminals,” said Nordin.
According to Nordin, driving on the motorway between reloading centres is the first kind of transportation on public roads where self-driving trucks can become a reality.
“We have come so far in the development of self-driving vehicles that the technology may be ready to be introduced to the market already within the next five years for this type of transportation. However, it will take longer before autonomous vehicles for driving on roads with two-way traffic and in urban environments becomes a reality,” said Nordin.